Before going into the in-depth analysis of curing mental illnesses, we should know about various stresses that most people encounter in their daily life. Such mental disorders can be diagnosed in different ways.
Through Physical Meeting with a Doctor
In such a situation, an individual visits a nearby doctor. The doctor examines the physical body of a person and provides possible remedies if required.
By Doing Tests in Laboratory
In laboratory, an individual is required to test different constituents of the body. In most cases, the laboratory provides detailed information about the important constituents of human body.
By Visiting a Specialist Psychiatric
As we know that mental illness comes under the study of psychology. Most of the mental health issues are related to human psychology. Thus, involving a specialist psychologist in the diagnosing of mental illness would be a fruitful decision.
Now and then it’s hard to discover which mental illness might be causing your symptoms. In any case, taking the time and exertion to get a precise diagnosis will help decide the fitting treatment. The more data you have, the more you will be set up to work with your mental health professionals in arranging what your symptoms may present.
The symptoms which define each mental illness are included and detailed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association. This manual is utilized by mental health experts to analyze mental conditions and by insurance companies to repay for treatment. Here is the various kind of mental stresses that most people hit upon them.
(1) Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders are those mental disorders that are mainly found in children. Actually, neurodevelopmental diseases are a group of disorders that can be further divided into the following mental illnesses.
(A) Communication Disorders
Such disorders are related to the speech of a person. If a person cannot speak, use, or understand the language, he becomes prey to communication disorders.
(B) Intellectual Problem
Intellectual disorder is very common in teenagers. It is mainly referred to as “mental retardation”. Some children do not understand simple things. They cannot adapt according to the environment. In most cases, they lack to understand very common things. Such children often get failed in IQ tests because they face intellectual disability.
(C) Global Development Day
GDD mainly refers to those mental disorders that infants encounter before the age of five. In this particular disease, infants delay the process of attaining a well-balanced cognitive system. Further, they do not realize the flow of speech and language. More interestingly, they delay the process of maintaining social functioning.
(D) Autism Spectrum Disorder
This disorder is described by relentless shortages in social connections and communication in numerous life zones as well as “restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviors”. The DSM indicates that manifestations of autism spectrum disorder should be available during early formative period and that these symptoms must cause a notable deficit in significant areas of life including societal and professional functioning.
(2) Bipolar Disorders
Such types of disorders mainly affect our daily life. They are not identical to what we call ups and downs in our life. They are more influential as compared to the daily swings in mood and so on. In such situations, sometimes a person feels extremely happy because of a high energy level, and sometimes he feels extremely sad because of low level of energy.
(3) Continues Depressive Disorder
It is another chronic type of mental illness. It is often referred to as dysthymia. PDD is used as a short form. Actually PDD is the name of extreme sadness and hopelessness. In such situations, a person completely alienates himself from everyone in the society. Moreover, he loses interest in everything. He encounters numerous issues while conducting simple work.
(4) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
GAD is another type of mental disorder. In this disease, a person lacks confidence to do daily tasks. Sometimes an individual faces a lot of issues doing very simple work. Here, the problem is not with the energy level of the person. Actually, he lacks confidence level to accomplish simple tasks.
(5) Major Depressive Disorder
Major depressive disorder is very common in American society. In this disorder, people lose complete hope in their life. In most cases, people try to attempt suicide. They start feeling hopeless and make themselves available for suicidal attacks. Indeed, major depressive disorder is a very serious mental disorder that can take one’s life.
(6) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCD refers to such disorders where a person finds himself trapped in repetitive patterns of thoughts and obsessions. There are certain behaviors and compulsions which get affected by these obsessions and prevailing thoughts in one’s life. And more interestingly they do not believe in their obsession with thoughts and actions. This disease is very common in most 2-3% of individuals.
(7) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The significance of post-traumatic stress disorder cannot be denied. After witnessing two great wars in less than 25 years, most of the world’s population fall prey to post-traumatic stress disorder. Other reasons can also trigger this mental illness. Such as natural disasters, wars, suicidal attempts, physical violence, and physical abuse can trigger this particular disorder. In PTSD, a person receives some flashbacks that carry important flashbacks from what had happened in the past. In severe conditions, most PTSD patients attempt suicide.
Schizophrenia is a genuine mental problem wherein individuals decrypt reality strangely. Schizophrenia may bring about a blend of hallucinations, dreams, and incredibly disarranged reasoning and conducts that injure daily functioning of tasks, and it can also be incapacitating.
(9) Social Anxiety Disorder
It is very common among school children. Most of them do not participate in classroom activities because they think that someone is watching them. They do not feel safe in the company of other people. Thus, they mostly isolate themselves from their surroundings.